Beacon Hill Dental

What causes periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a condition that affects the tissues which connect and anchor your teeth within your mouth. While this affliction has many contributing factors, the leading cause is poor oral hygiene which allows the accumulation of bacteria on your teeth and gums. These little buggers excrete toxic and acidic compounds, congealing into a layer of biofilm that is sticky and hard to remove. If this process goes unabated, the infection spreads into your gums, causing damage that cannot be repaired.

The best treatment in Crown Point, IN, for gum disease is prevention, which becomes even more important if you understand that the following factors may increase your risk:

  • Genetics
  • Tobacco use
  • Poor nutrition
  • Misaligned and overlapping teeth
  • Bruxism or teeth grinding
  • Orthodontic appliances like braces that make teeth hard to clean
  • Certain medications
  • Stress

How Does Periodontal Disease Advance

Advanced periodontal disease, or periodontitis, represents the final stages of this chronic condition and often takes numerous years of neglect to progress this far. At this point, your gums will lose tissue due to the damage, receding and exposing more of your tooth and tooth roots. This process causes your teeth to loosen, impacting their alignments and stability. Tooth loss is right around the corner, along with painful tooth breakage, twisting, and tilting.

By the time your teeth feel loose and insecure, your dentist may recommend that you need to extract all your remaining teeth and replace them with a complete denture. The way to prevent this eventuality is to practice good oral hygiene. This is a two-pronged approach. It starts with your at-home care routine, which should include brushing twice a day and flossing daily as well.

But this routine much be paired with regular dental check-ups and professional teeth cleanings that address challenges you miss at home.

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